为什么“不含酒精的饮料(葡萄酒、啤酒、烈酒)”被认为是非HALAL食品?

MUIS Fatwa 委员会指出:

1)  即使该产品含有低酒精含量(低于0.5%)/或零酒精含量和/或其酒精已被去除,该产品的制造过程与酒精的制造相似。因此,即使产品中少量的酒精不会导致一个人喝醉,这也是一种禁忌。

2) 这些产品的销售方式类似于酒精饮料。伊斯兰教禁止类似的事件或可能导致禁忌活动的事件,即使在其自然状态下是允许的。这与伊斯兰教法的原则是一致的。

因此,符合第一或第二标准或两项标准都符合的产品被认为是穆斯林消费的非HALAL食品。

kahmr – An intoxicating drink containing ethanol & other components such as methanol, acetaldehyde and ethyl acetate which is produced by fermentation of carbohydrates or drinks containing ethanol and/or methanol as ingredient.

 

2 Sadd al-dhara’i‘means, literally, "blocking the means", i.e. to undesirable ends, in other words, forbidding what is likely to lead to the haram. The basis of this principle is contained in the Qur'an where Allah says: "Do not swear at those who call on other gods than Allah, so that they will then swear at Allah in enmity, without any knowledge. …." (Q.6:108). Allah has thus made it haram  to swear at the gods of others, to avoid them cursing back at Allah. Another example usually highlighted by our past scholars like Imam An-Nawawi, is the issue of accepting and giving gifts for officials. Even though the act of giving a gift itself in essence is virtuous, hence permissible, scholars clearly discouraged those holding on to official posts to accept gifts from the public, as it could be perceived as a bribe.  Please refer to: al-Asyqar,Sulayman ‘Abdullah, al-Wadih fi Usul al-Fiqh, (Amman: Dar al-Salam, 2001) 159.
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